Móng tay bị tím, tất tần tật những điều cần biết

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Ai trong chúng ta cũng ít nhiều một vài lần trong đời bất cẩn để kẹt ngón tay vào cửa, va đập hoặc đập trúng vật nặng vào tay. Móng tay bị tím là điều xảy ra tiếp theo sau đó. Điều này gây nhiều khó chịu, đau đớn và lo lắng. Vì sao móng tay lại bị tím và cách chữa trị thế nào? Tất tần tật những điều này sẽ được giải đáp trong bài viết sau.

Hiện tượng móng tay bị tím

Móng tay bị tím do chấn thương

Những bất cẩn có thể khiến móng tay bị thương (Ảnh: Internet)

Móng tay tím do chấn thương có triệu chứng đau nhói, móng tay chuyển sang màu đen hoặc xanh dương như vết bầm tím dưới móng tay. Điều này xảy ra do hiện tượng tụ máu dưới móng.

Ngoài việc móng bị tím sau chấn thương, thì bên cạnh đó còn xảy ra những hiện tượng như:

Móng tay bị rách: móng tay bị chảy máu. Khi vết thương lành xuất hiện vết bầm tím lớn. Điều này do móng tay bị cắt bởi vật sắc nhọn hoặc bị vật nặng nghiền.

Móng tay bị sứt: gây đau đớn nghiêm trọng, ngón tay có thể bị sưng và có thể bị gãy. Xảy ra do ngón tay bị kẹt giữa hai đồ vật, như kẹt cửa. Nếu móng không sứt hoàn toàn, cần phải được lấy móng ra hết bởi nhân viên y tế.

Một số trường hợp móng tay bị chấn thương nặng có thể dẫn đến gãy xương và đoạn chi.

Móng tay bị bầm tím gây đau đớn, khó chịu (Ảnh: Internet)

Móng tay bị tím do bệnh lý

Ở điều kiện bình thường, với cơ thể khỏe mạnh móng tay có màu hồng nhạt do được mạng lưới mao mạch nuôi dưỡng. Phần bán nguyệt gần gốc móng tay màu trắng, bề mặt mịn màng.

Do vậy, khi móng bị tím hay có màu sắc khác lạ mà không do bất kỳ một tác nhân bên ngoài nào thì cần lưu ý đến tình trạng cơ thể.

Trường hợp này cảnh báo cơ thể bị thiếu oxy. Do gặp phải trở ngại tuần hoàn máu hoặc do bệnh bẩm sinh như tim, bệnh phổi/viêm phế quản mãn tính, suy tim, phế nang trao đổi oxy kém.

Móng tay màu tím cũng thường gặp ở người ăn chay, người cao tuổi bị thiếu vitamin B12. Người mắc các bệnh như Crohn, celiac, lupus.

Móng tay đổi màu có thể là cảnh báo về bệnh lý mà cơ thể đang mắc phải (Ảnh: Internet)

Cách chữa móng tay bị bầm tím

Tùy theo mức độ tổn thương gây ra, chúng ta cần quan sát móng để đánh giá tổn thương và có biện pháp xử lý thích hợp. Tùy đập mạnh hay nhẹ mà móng tay bầm tím sẽ có mức độ khác nhau. 

Nên đến bác sĩ để được thăm khám và điều trị trong vòng 24-48h.

Móng tay bị tím dưới 25%

Sau chấn thương nếu chỉ có một vệt máu nhỏ dưới móng: cần chườm đá lên vết thương. Uống thuốc giảm đau không kê toa.

Móng tay bị tím dưới 25% diện tích móng tay, vết máu bầm sẽ tự dịch chuyển lên trên khi móng dài ra.

Không đáng lo ngại với vết bầm tím nhỏ dưới 25% móng tay (Ảnh: Internet)

Móng tay bị tím trên 25%

Nếu cơn đau kéo dài nhiều ngày, vết máu tụ trên 25% móng tay. Hoặc nếu móng tay bị sưng, đau căng tức thì cần đến cơ sở y tế để được thăm khám và chăm sóc.

Khi móng bị tím do máu bầm, bác sĩ sẽ dùng kim để tạo lỗ nhỏ trên móng, giúp máu bầm thông ra ngoài. Điều này giúp giảm đau và giảm áp lực lên móng.

Ngoài ra bác sĩ còn thực hiện bằng dụng cụ đốt điện để tạo thành một lỗ nhỏ xuyên qua móng. Máu sẽ rỉ ra khỏi móng đến khi áp lực giảm, móng tay sẽ được băng bó.

Móng tay bị tím trên 50%

Móng tay cần được nhổ bỏ nếu máu tụ dưới móng quá nhiều lớn hơn 50% diện tích móng tay. Điều này được thực hiện sau khi bác sĩ xem xét và cho chụp X-quang móng tay.

Móng bị tím sau khi được xử lý lấy vết máu bầm. Cần theo dõi có hay không các dấu hiệu nhiễm trùng. Như có mủ, chảy dịch, đỏ, nóng hoặc sốt, đau nhiều hơn, chảy máu không kiểm soát hoặc mất cảm giác, tê… Nếu có cần đến bác sĩ tái khám để được xử lý kịp thời, tránh những biến chứng không đáng có.

Bên cạnh đó móng tay cần được rửa và vệ sinh sạch sẽ bằng dung dịch sát trùng. Quấn bằng băng gạc để bảo vệ ngón tay không bị kích thích và va đập. Thay băng mỗi ngày.

Ngoài việc chữa móng tay bầm tím bằng biện pháp ngoại khoa như trên, thì cần thiết phải bổ sung vitamin C cho cơ thể. Bổ sung vitamin C bằng những thực phẩm giàu Vitamin C trong trái cây, rau củ hoặc viên vitamin C tổng hợp, giúp tan nhanh máu bầm từ bên trong, tăng sức đề kháng bảo vệ cơ thể.

Vitamin C hỗ trợ tích cực, giúp móng tay bị bầm tím mau lành (Ảnh: Internet)

Bài viết trên hy vọng mang đến những điều bổ ích mà các bạn đang quan tâm về vấn đề móng tay bị tím. Mong mọi người sẽ hiểu rõ cách xử lý để có biện pháp cứu chữa thích hợp cho chính mình và người thân. Cùng theo dõi thêm nhiều bài viết hữu ích khác tại Zema bạn nhé!

Zema Nail Việt Nam  – hệ thống làm móng đẹp tiêu chuẩn Châu Âu đầu tiên đã có mặt tại Việt Nam.

– Công nghệ làm móng đẹp hiện đại.

– Hệ thống trang thiết bị nhập khẩu từ Châu Âu.

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